NEET - Syllabus and exam preparation tips

NEET: Browse syllabus by exams below

NEET Zoology: Syllabus, Exam Pattern, Preparation Tips & FAQs Syllabus
NEET Botany: Syllabus, Exam Pattern, Preparation Tips & FAQs Syllabus

NEET UG Syllabus : Physics, Chemistry, Biology (Zoology & Botany)

The entire syllabus of NEET exam consists of four subjects which are: Physics, Chemistry, Botany & Zoology. Note that both Zoology and Botany are included in the syllabus of Biology. Questions asked in the NEET are of objective nature, i.e. multiple choice questions (MCQs). The total exam duration is 3 hours, i.e. 180 minutes. There is a provision of negative marking in the exam. So for each correct answer you will get +4 marks and each wrong answer will fetch you a negative score (-1 marks). Below you can see the list of all chapters (subject-wise) of class XI & XII.

NEET Physics Syllabus : Class XI

  1. Physical world and measurement
  2. Kinematics
  3. Laws of Motion
  4. Work, Energy and Power
  5. Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body
  6. Gravitation
  7. Properties of Bulk Matter
  8. Thermodynamics
  9. Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory
  10. Oscillations and Waves

NEET Physics Syllabus : Class XII

  1. Electrostatics
  2. Current Electricity
  3. Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
  4. Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
  5. Electromagnetic Waves
  6. Optics
  7. Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
  8. Atoms and Nuclei
  9. Electronic Devices

NEET Biology Syllabus : Class XI

  1. Diversity in Living World
  2. Structural Organization in Animals and Plants
  3. Cell Structure and Function
  4. Plant Physiology
  5. Human Physiology

NEET Biology Syllabus : Class XII

  1. Reproduction
  2. Genetics and Evolution
  3. Biology and Human Welfare
  4. Biotechnology and Its Applications
  5. Ecology and Environment

NEET Chemistry Syllabus : Class XI

  1. Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
  2. Structure of Atom
  3. Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
  4. Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
  5. States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
  6. Thermodynamics
  7. Equilibrium
  8. Redox Reactions
  9. Hydrogen
  10. s-Block Element (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)
  11. Some p-Block Elements
  12. Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques
  13. Hydrocarbons
  14. Environmental Chemistry

NEET Chemistry Syllabus : Class XII

  1. Solid State
  2. Solutions
  3. Electrochemistry
  4. Chemical Kinetics
  5. Surface Chemistry
  6. General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
  7. p-Block Elements
  8. d and f Block Elements
  9. Coordination Compounds
  10. Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
  11. Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
  12. Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
  13. Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
  14. Biomolecules
  15. Polymers
  16. Chemistry in Everyday Life

NEET UG Examination Format

  • Subjects: Physics, Chemistry, Zoology, Botany
  • Exam duration: 180 minutes (3 hrs)
  • Total questions: 180 questions
  • Marks per question: 4 marks
  • Negative Marking: One-forth (-) 1 marks

NEET Exam Preparation Tips

  • First, prepare a place for study: remove unnecessary things from the table, conveniently place the necessary textbooks, books, notebooks, paper, pencils.
  • Draw up a study plan. First, determine who you are - the "lark" or "owl", and depending on this, make the most of the morning or evening hours. Making a plan for each day of preparation, it is necessary to clearly define what exactly will be studied today. Not in general: "I'll work out a little", but which sections and topics will be covered.
  • Start with the most difficult - from the section that you know the worst. But if it's hard, you can start with the material that is most interesting and enjoyable to you. Perhaps you will gradually get into the working rhythm, and it will work.
  • Alternate classes and rest, say, 40 minutes of classes, then 10 minutes - a break. It is possible at this time to wash the dishes, water the flowers, do exercises, take a shower.
  • Do not try to read and memorize the entire textbook. It is useful to structure the material by drawing up plans, schemes, preferably on paper. Plans are also useful because they are easy to use with a brief repetition of the material.
  • Take as many mock tests as possible on this subject. These tests will introduce you to the NEET examination pattern.
  • Improve your time management skills: You can practice mock tests with a stopwatch in your hands and mark the time of the tests. It will help you ace your exam.
  • When preparing for exams, never think that you can not cope, but, on the contrary, try to mentally prepare yourself.

How to Select Study Materials for NEET?

Following are the qualities of a good reference book for the preparation of NEET examination:

  • The book summarizes the subject matter of the school general education course in physics, chemistry and biology. The main attention is paid to the topics that cause the greatest difficulties for students at the entrance examinations.
  • For better mastering and memorizing the subject, some information is presented in the form of drawings, which are usually not enough in school textbooks. To repeat the subject studied at the end of the book, test questions are given, to which answers are given.
  • The book should help in preparation for the NEET exam. It will be useful for student, university entrants, students and teachers.

NEET Physics Preparation Tips

  • To enhance your knowledge in the process of preparation, you should create a notebook where you will write down the main terms and formulas.
  • Analyze the structure of the NEET in physics. To successfully pass the exam, you need to understand the questions and learn all the instructions: it is important to understand how to properly perform a task.
  • Consult your school teacher. Talk to the teacher and ask what you should pay special attention to when preparing. Perhaps it will help you determine the topics that should be considered first and point out your knowledge gaps.
  • Make a study plan. Without a schedule of independent work, the chances to pass the NEET with a good score are very less. Strictly adhere to the prescribed course, and then you will have time to fully prepare for physics.
  • Physics is a very complicated discipline, so start preparing well in advance. Ideally, you should prepare in the 10th grade. You can start training with the 11th class: here the main thing is to efficiently distribute your time. Remember that if you take the textbooks for a couple of months before the exam, you are unlikely to be able to overcome the minimum threshold.
  • If you do not know how to answer the question: Do not worry and try to collect your thoughts. Remember all that pertains to this topic. Do not say bluntly that you do not know the answer - maybe this is exactly where you are wrong. Begin the answer with what you know, which is probably the most close to the topic of the question.
  • At the examination majority of questions are asked from these 4 topics: mechanics, molecular physics, electrodynamics and quantum physics. In fact, questions from quantum physics are not that difficult, it's just that this topic begins to be late in school, and the results of the students in this block are very low. Therefore, when preparing, pay special attention to these questions.
  • There are topics that are found in the exam options more often, there are topics that are less common, but there are certain topics in the NEET in physics that you absolutely need to be able to work with. For example, the themes "Power" and "Energy" are very often found in all blocks of the exam, whether it be mechanics, molecular physics, electrodynamics or quantum physics.

NEET Biology Exam Study Plan

Beginning the preparation for the biology section, you will come across a large amount of study material. Only the main sections - four: botany, zoology, general biology, (anatomy and physiology). General biology, in turn, is divided into genetics, ecology, cytology, etc. Therefore, "porridge in the head" is a perfectly normal state of entrants, despite the fact that biology is studied in school from grade 5.

Two approaches to Study Biology

study in biology differs from the study of all other disciplines. If physics and mathematics are taught on the principle of "from simple to complex", the history goes in chronology, then beginning biologists have freedom of choice. Below you can see two true ways to learn biology:

  1. Follow the school principle: to start with botany and gradually, repeating all kinds and classes of organisms, to reach general biology. In textbooks on botany and general biology, the same processes and phenomena can be described in different terms. Therefore, it is important that there is no confusion.
  2. To start with cytology - the science of the structure of cells, and already on this basis to string the system and the classification of all living organisms.

Both approaches are equally effective, and the one that is easier for you is preferable. These two methods combine a clear structural approach: it is not so important, you start with the structure of a cell or family of coniferous, most importantly, that a well-formed system of knowledge is formed.

Common mistakes

There is no single discipline without a set of mistakes, and biology is no exception. From year to year, the same sections fall into a kind of "black list" and become a stumbling block for every third applicant. "The theory of evolution" - applicants for some reason do not know this topic well, and their "errors" are multiplied by serious discrepancies in textbooks - the difference in dating can be millions of years.

  • Ecology - this section is at the end of the textbook.
  • Botany - traditionally gaps in the topic of photosynthesis.
  • Zoology - entrants are confused in the class of arthropods
  • Anatomy - not well versed in the nervous and sexual systems.

There are applicants who rely on their intuition, they hope to guess the right answer. But as soon as they face the need to solve the problem, to illustrate this or that theory, serious problems arise.

What Sections of Biology Should I Pay Attention to?

Since the preparation for the NEET in biology takes place in a short time, we must sacrifice the logic and sequence of the sections studied. It is better to start with the section "General Biology", each topic of which should be studied in detail by the applicant. First and foremost, this is the theme of "The Basics of Cytology," according to which there are many questions in the test. This approach is also important in the study of subsequent topics.

It is important to remember that in the section "General Biology" there are no secondary topics and the probability that the questions will concern not only genetics or cytology, but also ecology, biosphere theory, evolution. However, there is a high probability that the questions can be in the sections "Plants. Bacteria. Mushrooms. Lichens "(traditionally called botany)," Animals "(zoology)," Man and his health "(anatomy). The peculiarity of the sample exam options in 2015 is the integration, when the task requires knowledge from different sections of school biology. In addition, all tests contain the task of genetics, therefore, it is important to pay more attention to these problems, as well as typical questions requiring knowledge of the genetic code.

Finally, applicants need to remember that listening to lectures in preparatory courses is only part of the preparation, because the information obtained is important not only to listen to, but also to learn. After that it is necessary to practice, solving mock tests, and perform this part of the work, first, separately for each topic studied in the "General Biology" section, then on all the other sections. And only when there is an understanding of the internal logic of each section, begin to solve complete mock tests.

NEET Chemistry Preparation Tips : Necessary tables, formulas and manuals

For effective preparation of the NEET exam in chemistry it is advisable to begin with finding out which leading concepts, basic patterns, information about substances and reactions between them will be necessarily checked in the exam.

Particular attention should be paid to the repetition of such sections of the chemistry course as "Chemical connection and structure of matter", "Laws of the course of chemical reactions", "Methods of cognition in chemistry", "Safety rules for working with chemicals", "Methods of laboratory and industrial production of the most important inorganic and organic substances".

An important condition for effective preparation for the exam is a constant study in the performance of questions of various types. The success is largely determined by an informed understanding of the relevant material, possession of a vast amount of theoretical information, as well as the ability to apply the knowledge gained in various interrelationships. You need to be able to analyze the condition of each task: find keywords, understand what questions need to be answered, understand what theoretical and factual material will serve as the basis for answering the questions posed.

When most questions are completed, chemical formulas and reaction equations should be recorded.

If you are already at the stage of preparation for the exam it is important to accustom yourself to meet all the requirements for preparing answers to assignments. So, for example, when performing questions that test knowledge of the genetic relationship of inorganic substances, it is necessary to write down the equations of four reactions that reflect the essence of the processes described in the condition. These equations will be correctly written if both the general and specific properties of the substances participating in the reaction are taken into account, the conditions for the reactions between them are taken into account, and the correctness of the arrangement of the coefficients in each of the equations is checked.

When carrying out the questions on the interrelation of organic substances, the above requirements are also valid. In addition, the use of structural formulas of organic substances that uniquely determine the order of atomic bonds, the mutual arrangement of substituents and functional groups in the molecule of organic matter becomes mandatory.

Find a person (friend / teacher) to whom you can ask questions

It is not necessary to hire a tutor. This person can be a teacher at school or a familiar student who studies at a chemical faculty. The main thing is not to be ashamed to ask even the stupidest questions, in your opinion, and try to close the gaps that arise during preparation. Believe this, the fact that you have at least some thoughts about chemistry, already says that the process is running. Feel free to raise your hand right during the lesson, ask the tutor, participate in discussions in thematic communities and do not be afraid to look foolish in the eyes of others.

Revise basic mathematics calculations : formulas and shortcuts

Of course, no one asks you to integrate or differentiate. But to repeat the topic of percentages and proportions - it is necessary. The formulas that are needed to solve problems are not so many. Remember only the basic ones: the formula for calculating the mass fraction, the mass of the substance, the volume, the amount of the substance, the density and the yield of the product. Knowing them, you can easily output others.

Try to remove the mass of the solution from the mass fraction formula, or, knowing the mass and molar mass of the substance, determine its amount. After a few weeks of study, you will notice that all these formulas are related to each other and, if you have forgotten something, you can always deduce the formula you need from another.

How to Use the Table of chemical reactions?

  • Learn to determine the class of substances (oxides, acids, salts, bases, metals and nonmetals) and sort out the types of reactions that they differ from each other.
  • At least two substances enter the reaction. Determine to which class the first substance belongs. Find the corresponding item in the table on the right (or above).
  • Do the same with the second substance, look for the item on top of the table (or right). Look at the intersection of these two points in the table - this is the answer that is obtained in the reaction.
  • At the exam this cheat sheet can not be used. But during the preparation you can easily remember what happens if, for example, acid and alkali react, and other substances.

On The Eve of Examination

Many people think that in order to fully prepare for the exam, one is missing, the last night before him. It is not right. You are already tired, and do not overwork yourself. On the contrary, from the evening stop preparing, take a shower, make a walk. Getting asleep as best as possible to get up rested, with a sense of your health, strength, fighting spirit. After all, the exam is a kind of struggle in which you need to prove yourself, show your abilities and abilities.

At the point of passing the exam, you should not be late, preferably half an hour before the test.

Think about how you will dress for the exam: the testing point can be cool or warm, and you will sit in the exam for 3 hours.

How to behave during exams?

So, the preparation period is behind. Do not spare two or three minutes to bring yourself to a state of equilibrium. Remember rhythmic breathing. Rest, calm down. That's good!

Pay attention! At the beginning of test, you will be informed of the necessary information (like how to fill out the form). On how much you carefully remember all these rules, the correctness of your answers depends!

Observe the rules for the conduct of exam! Do not shout out of the room, if you want to ask the organizer of the NEET in the audience, raise your hand. Your questions should not concern the content of the questions, you will be answered only by questions related to the rules of filling in the registration form, or in case of difficulties with the test packet (typos).

Concentrate! After filling out the registration form, when you have clarified all the incomprehensible moments for yourself, try to concentrate and forget about others. For you there should be only the test and the hours that govern the time of the test. Hurry slowly!

Do not be afraid! A rigid time frame should not affect the quality of your answers. Before you enter the answer, read the question twice and make sure that you understand correctly what is required of you.

Start with an easy one! Begin to answer those questions, in the knowledge of which you do not doubt, without stopping at those that can cause long meditations.

Pass it! You must learn to skip difficult or incomprehensible questions. Remember: in the test there are always such questions with which you will surely cope. It's just stupid not to score points just because you did not get to your "questions", but stuck to those that cause you difficulties.

Read the question to the end! Haste should not lead to the fact that you try to understand the terms of the question "by first words" and finish the ending in your own imagination. This is a sure way to commit annoying mistakes in the easiest questions.

Think only about the current question! When you see a new question, forget everything that was in the previous one. As a rule, the questions in the tests are not related to each other, therefore the knowledge that you applied in one, as a rule, does not help, but only prevents you from concentrating and correctly solving a new question. This advice will give you another invaluable psychological effect: forget about the failure in the past question (if it turned out to be too tough for you). Think only of the fact that each new assignment is a chance to score points.

Exclude! Many questions can be solved more quickly if you do not immediately search for the correct answer, but consistently exclude those that are clearly not suitable. The method of exclusion allows you to concentrate your attention on one or two options, rather than on all five or seven (which is much more difficult).

Plan two circles! Calculate time so that for two thirds of all the time allotted to walk through all the easy, accessible questions for you (the first round), then you will have time to score points on those assignments in which answers you are sure, and then calmly return and think about the difficult, which you first had to miss (second round).

Guess! If you are not sure of the choice of the answer, but intuitively can prefer some answer to others, then intuition should be trusted!.

Check! Be sure to leave time to test your work, at least in order to have time to run through the eyes of the answers and notice obvious mistakes.

Do not worry! Strive to fulfill all questions, but remember that in practice this is not always realistic. Take into account that the number of questions solved by you may well be sufficient for a good assessment.