NEET Zoology: Syllabus, Exam Pattern, Preparation Tips & FAQs

Are you searching for the syllabus of CBSE NEET (Zoology)? Here you will get the latest syllabus for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) exam. It will surely help you in the effective preparation of Zoology section of NEET. This exam will be conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). The syllabus given below is based on the latest pattern of the NEET (UG) - Zoology curriculum. We suggest you to check our free online mock tests for NEET examinations.

We have listed some of the frequently asked questions (FAQs), asked by the NEET (Zoology) candidates, so that you can get a basic idea of NEET (Zoology) exam pattern.

Recommended NEET Zoology: Free mock test

NEET Zoology : Syllabus

Major topics are mentioned below:

NEET Zoology : Detailed Syllabus

Given below is the list of topics which covers the syllabus of NEET (Zoology).

Animal Kingdom

  • Basics of Classification
  • Phylum Porifera
  • Phylum Coelenterata
  • Phylum Ctenophora and Platyhelminthes
  • Phylum Aschelminthes
  • Phylum Annelida
  • Phylum Arthropoda
  • Phylum Mollusca
  • Phylum Echinodermata
  • Phylum Hemichordata
  • Phylum Chordata
  • General Introduction to Vertebrata and Agnatha
  • Comparative Study of Cartilaginous and Bony Fishes
  • Study of Amphibians
  • Study of Reptilia
  • Study of Aves and Mammalia

Structural Organisation in Animals

  • Introduction to Animal and Epithelium Tissue
  • Simple Epithelium
  • Compound and Specialised Epithelium
  • Glandular Epithelium and Cell Junctions
  • Connective Tissue
  • Animal Tissue: Muscle Types and Skeletal Muscles
  • Cardiac Muscle and Smooth Muscle
  • Nervous Tissue
  • Cockroach: Intro and External Morphology
  • Cockroach: Head and Mouth Parts
  • Cockroach: Structure of Thorax
  • Cockroach: Abdomen
  • Cockroach: Digestive System
  • Cockroach: Respiratory System
  • Cockroach: Circulatory System
  • Cockroach: Excretory System
  • Cockroach: Nervous System
  • Cockroach: Compound
  • Cockroach: Male Reproductive System
  • Cockroach: Female Reproductive System

Digestion and Absorption

  • Upper Respiratory Tract
  • Trachea and Basic Anatomy of Lung
  • Pulmonary Volumes and Capacities
  • Exchange of Gases
  • Transport of Gases
  • Regulation of Respiration

Breathing and Exchange of Gases

  • Digestive System
  • Alimentary Canal: Oral Cavity in Teeth
  • Swallowing: Histology of Gut
  • Peristalsis: Glands in Alimentary Canal
  • Accessories Digestive Glands
  • Movement of Food in Gut
  • Digestive Secretions: Saliva
  • Gastric Secretion
  • Pancreatic Secretion
  • Gastric Secretion
  • Bile
  • Absorption: General Adaptations

Body Fluids and Circulation

  • Blood: General Description and RBC
  • Blood Group (A, B, O)
  • Blood Clotting
  • Gross Anatomy
  • Double Circulation
  • Cardiac Cycle
  • Rhythmic Excitation of Human Heart
  • ECG and Coronary Artery Disease
  • Atherosclerosis, Hypertension and Ventricular Fibrillatio

Excretory Products and their Elimination

  • Nitrogenous Excretory Products
  • Osmoregulation
  • Human Kidney: Functions, Location and Cut Section,
  • Nephron
  • Formation of Urine: Ultrafiltration
  • Concentration of Urine
  • Autoregulation of Gfr
  • Micturition Reflex
  • CRF and Hemodialysis

Locomotion and Movement

  • Locomotion
  • Skeletal Muscle: Basic Anatomy, My Filaments, Sarcomere
  • Excitation: Contraction Coupling,
  • Sliding Filament Theory
  • Energy for Muscle Contraction
  • Human Skeletal: in Introduction, Function, Parts
  • Number of Bones in Axial Skeleton
  • Number of Bones in Appendicular Skeleton
  • Axial Skeleton
  • Vertebral Column
  • Sternum and Ribs
  • Appendicular Skeleton: Upper Limb, Girdle
  • Fibrous and Cartilaginous Joints
  • Synovial Joint

Neural Control and Coordination

  • Nervous System
  • Origin of Resting Membrane Potential
  • Action Potential
  • Synapse
  • Neuroanatomy
  • Motor Functions of the Spinal Chord
  • Hind and Mid Brain
  • Diencephalon
  • Cerebrum, EEG and Sleep
  • Meninges, Ventricles and CSF
  • Autonomic Nervous System
  • Basic Anatomy of Human Eye
  • Human Eye: Accommodation, Adaptation, Muscles and Optic Nerve, Outer and Middle Ear, Vestibular Apparatus
  • Inner Ear: Cochlea
  • Smell and Taste

Chemical Coordination and Integration

  • Intro to Hormones and Endocrine Glands
  • Hormones General Consideration
  • Pituitary and Hypothalamus
  • Adenohypophysis and Hypothalamus
  • Human Growth Hormone
  • Prolactin and Posterior Pituitary
  • Thyroid Gland
  • Parathyroid
  • Adrenal Medulla
  • Adrenal Cortex: Aldosterone, Cortisol
  • Pineal Gland
  • Thymus
  • Miscellaneous Hormones
  • Gastrointestinal Hormones
  • Gonadotropin and Gonadal Hormones
  • Pancreas
  • Mechanism of Hormone Action

Reproduction in Organisms

  • Introduction and Types of Reproduction
  • Sexual Reproduction
  • Pre Fertilization Events
  • Fertilization Events
  • Post Fertilization Events

Human Reproduction

  • Sex Determination in Humans
  • Male Reproductive System
  • Basic Anatomy of Testis
  • Seminiferous Tubules and Spermatogenesis
  • Spermiogenesis / Sperm Structure / Hormonal Regulation
  • Male Reproductive Duct System
  • Semen and Male Fertility
  • Ovary
  • Introduction to Menstrual Cycle
  • Menstrual Cycle: Pro Ovulatory Phase; Luteal Phase
  • Fertilization
  • Implantation
  • Embryonic Development Till Gastrulation
  • Fetal Development and Parturition

Reproductive Health

  • Contraception: Neural Methods; Barrier Methods and Iuds
  • Hormonal Contraceptives, Emergency Contraception and Terminal Methods
  • Medical Termination of Pregnancy
  • Sexually Transmitted Infections
  • Infertility


  • Definition and Types of Revolution
  • Cosmic Evolution
  • Origin of Life: Chemical Evolution
  • Urey and Miller Experiment
  • Other Theories of Origin of Life
  • Concept of Organic Evolution: Evidence
  • Embryological Evidences of Evolution
  • Paleontological Evidences of Evolution
  • Theory of Evolution and Lamarckism
  • Germ Plasm Theory
  • Darwin's Theory
  • Summary of Darwin's Theory
  • Additional Theories of Darwin
  • Drawbacks of Darwin's Theory
  • Hugo De Vries' Theory of Evolution
  • Modern Theory of Evolution
  • Sources of Variation
  • Types of Natural Selection
  • Difference Between Drift and Selection
  • Population Genetics
  • Hardy Weinberg Law
  • Concept of Isolation
  • Concept of Speciation
  • Genetic Basis of Adaptation
  • Introduction to Human Evolution
  • Classification of Primates
  • Evolution Prior to Ape Man
  • Evolution of Homo Sapiens

Human Health and Disease

  • Typhoid Fever
  • Pneumonia
  • Common Cold and Malaria Introduction
  • Treatment and Life Cycle of Malaria
  • Amoebiasis
  • Ascariasis and Filariasis
  • Fungal Infection and Concept of Immunity
  • Details of Immunity
  • Active and Passive Immunity
  • Allergies and Autoimmunity
  • Human Immune System
  • AIDS
  • Cancer
  • Drugs and Alcohol Abuse

Microbes in Human Welfare

  • Industrial Products, Beverages and Antibiotics
  • Chemistry of Fermented Beverages
  • Microbes in Household Products
  • Chemical, Enzymes and Other Bioactive Molecules
  • Microbes in Sewage Treatment
  • Microbes in Production of Biogas
  • Microbes in Biocontrol Agents

NEET Zoology : Preparation Tips

For college students who will take the NEET this year, it is worthwhile to be attentive and read the questions with particular care. Here we will read about the peculiarities and complexities of the exam on Zoology and how to cope with them.

What is the biggest difficulty of the Zoology exam?

  1. Problem 1: The main difficulty of the Zoology exam lies in the large volume of the school course.
  2. Problem 2: The very structure of the NEET. The fact is that often the availability of knowledge on the subject does not guarantee the successful passing of the exam. To write the NEET on high scores is a separate science. in addition, the structure of the exam varies from year to year.

What should I pay special attention to?

In assignments where there is a choice of answers, before choosing from the proposed ones, try to answer the question yourself, and then find the most suitable or matching options.

Work with graphic information: a graph or a table. You need to analyze and then choose the appropriate conclusions.

Preparatory courses, coaching or self-study?

The most important thing in preparing for any exam is a great desire. If it is not, then there will be no result. Then you need to determine for yourself which way of preparation will be better.

Self-study may be the most effective way for NEET aspirants. Because at coaching there will be the same teacher, only engaged in an individual order. Through self-study the student himself reads, remembers what is useful in examination. This is the only way for those who have great willpower and no laziness. For self-study it is necessary to allocate at least 2 hours a day. Otherwise, there will be no result.

What kind of preparation to choose?

It sounds very obvious to select preparatory courses and tutors. Such methods might be very expensive for some students. Sometimes it takes a lot of money for such an additional education. and there are also such parents who get into debt for the sake of teaching children. There is another way - self-training. First, it gives more knowledge, and secondly, does not require investment of funds. in self-preparation, it is recommended to practice daily.

Preparation for exams requires a lot of effort and time. in order to pass the test with good marks, you will have to try. After all, your future depends on how well you prepare. Even if there is only one month left before the exam, do not panic. in the world, nothing is impossible! in order to not miss anything, you should write yourself an algorithm of actions:

  • Before you prepare for the test, you need to take all the books, reference books, encyclopedias on Zoology. Then you should make notes on important topics. It will take about three months. Then you need to search the internet for tables, a brief theory. If possible, print it better so that the material is always in front of your eyes.
  • Know latest syllabus: It is very important to download the NEET syllabus, which indicates which topics to pay special attention to. and it is better to take it from a tutor or Zoology teacher. They certainly are correct!
  • Evaluate your knowledge: Take online mock tests. Do not get frustrated if for the first time you get a low score. It only means that you still need to level up your preparation.
  • After all the books have been read, you should contact the teacher with a request to check your knowledge. If the teacher says that the result is excellent, then you need to continue in the same spirit.

How to Remember Zoology Without any Problems?

There are several ways to remember Zoology easily and without suffering. You just need to choose the appropriate one from them. It is also recommended to take Zoology as something interesting, not terrible and difficult.

Zoology belongs to the natural sciences. The subject of its study are all animals, their functioning, structure and interaction between themselves. Therefore, in order to understand and remember this discipline, it is better not to cramp it, but to read it as something fascinating. Then the material will be perceived easier and easily stored in memory.

How to Easily Remember What you Study?

We recommended you to study the subject from school textbooks. But they are often written in a scientific language that is not entirely understandable. Therefore, you can use popular reference books or magazines, where the whole point is set out in more accessible terms.

information is easier to digest if it is broken down into component parts and comprehended in small portions. We need to read every little topic a couple of times, catch the essence, and then move on to reading the following information. Reading is recommended quietly, not pronouncing out loud or mentally read - so attention is dissipated and knowledge is not absorbed. Physiologists say that the human body absorbs everything new in the morning and in the afternoon, so reading the textbooks for the night is not recommended.

To make it easier to remember the basic terms and concepts in Zoology, you can make notes on a piece of paper, sketch out the diagrams. This will help to master the data to those people who have well developed associative memory. It is recommended to do some semblance of cribs: write out for each topic the main points, generalize and systematize information. To independently assess the level of your knowledge and identify gaps in the study, you need to try to answer ticket questions.

5 Ways to Quickly Learn Zoology

  • Review the Zoology questions for the exam / test: You can use separate markers to mark those questions that are known to you in part and those that are not known to you at all.
  • Studying an unfamiliar topic: The main thing is to remember the essence. Try to rephrase the question in your own words.
  • Note down difficult terms and definitions: Study not only the meaning of the terms themselves, but also how to solve zoological problems with them.
  • How to remember terms quite quickly? To begin with, remember that they all come from the Latin language, which has the basic suffixes and prefixes. These suffixes and prefixes are often repeated. Therefore, knowing their meaning, you will quickly understand the meaning of even a new long and incomprehensible word.
  • Take frequent breaks: It help to absorb information much faster than breaks in studies every hour or two. Ideally, short breaks should be done every 20 minutes. and every hour try to go out into the fresh air for at least 5 minutes. During this time, the brain is able to continue the productive assimilation of information.

NEET Zoology: Exam Pattern (FAQs)

Is it mandatory to qualify NEET (Zoology)?
Yes, it is necessary for all NEET aspirants to pass the Zoology section of NEET exam.
How many questions will be their in NEET (Zoology) section?
Their will be a total of 45 questions in the Zoology section of NEET examination.
How many marks will the Zoology section of the NEET exam be?
It will be worth 180 marks
What type of questions are asked in NEET Zoology exam?
It contains questions of objective nature: multiple choice questions (MCQs).
What are the most important topics for NEET (Zoology)?
According to the latest syllabus of NEET (Zoology), some of the very important topics are: Comprehension passages and grammar, Vocabulary, Fill in the Blanks, Correcting sentences, etc.
What is the negative marking scheme of NEET (Zoology)?
For MCQs which are each of 4 mark, one-forth mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. So it means that every incorrect answer in NEET (Zoology) section will fetch you a negative (-) 1 mark.

Note You can also download the NEET (Zoology) syllabus in PDF format from the official website of CBSE