NEET Botany: Syllabus, Exam Pattern, Preparation Tips & FAQs

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Are you searching for the syllabus of CBSE NEET (Botany)? Here you will get the latest syllabus for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) exam. It will surely help you in the effective preparation of Botany section of NEET. This exam will be conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). The syllabus given below is based on the latest pattern of the NEET (UG) - Botany curriculum. We suggest you to check our free online mock tests for NEET examinations.

We have listed some of the frequently asked questions (FAQs), asked by the NEET (Botany) candidates, so that you can get a basic idea of NEET (Botany) exam pattern.

Recommended NEET Botany: Free mock test

NEET Botany : Syllabus

Important topics are listed below:

NEET Botany : Detailed Syllabus

Given below is the list of topics which covers the syllabus of NEET (Botany).

The Living World

  • Introduction & Growth as Criterion for being Living
  • Reproduction as Criterion for being Living
  • Metabolism & Consciousness as Criteria for being Living
  • Taxonomy : Nomenclature; Classification up to Genus; From Family to Classification of Some Organisms
  • Taxonomical Aids
  • Systematics & Type Study

Biological Classification

  • Different Classification Systems
  • Kingdom Monera
    • Bacterial Cell Structure
    • Surface Appendages
    • Bacterial Reproduction
    • Bacterial Recombination
    • Bacterial Life Process
    • Bacterial Classification
    • Actinomycetes, Mycoplasma
    • Blue Green Algae
  • Kingdom Protista
    • Chrysophytes
    • Dinoflagellates
    • Euglenoids
    • Slime Moulds
  • Kingdom Fungi
    • Sexual Reproduction in Fungi
    • Deuteromycetes
    • Zygomycetes
    • Ascomycetes
    • Basidiomycetes
  • Mycorrhiza
  • Virus & Viroids

Plant Kingdom

  • Classification System
  • Algae
  • Chlorophyceae: Green Algae
  • Pheophycae: Brown Algae
  • Rhodophyceae: Red Algae & Importance of Algae
  • Bryophytes
  • Bryophytes (Liveworts)
  • Bryophytes (Anthocerotopsida & Moses) & Importance
  • Pteridophytes
  • Pteridophytes:Heterospory
  • Classification of Pteridophytes
  • General Account of Gymnosperm
  • Examples of Gymnosperms
  • General Account of Angiosperm
  • Life cycle Patterns in Plants

Morphology of Flowering Plants

  • Morphology of Root
  • Modification of Root
  • Morphology of Stem
  • Aerial Stem Modification
  • Morphology of Leaf
  • Venation, Types of Leaf & Phyllotaxy
  • Modification of Leaf
  • Inflorescence
  • Flower & Parts of Flower
  • Fruit & its Types
  • Seed
  • Semi Technical Description
  • Families of Flowering Plant

Anatomy of Flowering Plants

  • Tissue: Intro & Classification
  • Meristematic Tissue: Classification
  • Meristematic Tissue: Shoot Apex
  • Meristematic Tissue: Root Apex
  • Simple Tissue: Parenchyma
  • Simple Tissue: Collenchyma & Sclerenchyma
  • Complex Tissue: Xylem
  • Complex Tissue: Phloem
  • Epidermal Tissue System
  • Vascular Tissue System
  • Ground Tissue System
  • Anatomy of Root
  • Dicot Stem
  • Monocot Stem
  • Dicot Leaf
  • Monocot Leaf
  • Activity of Vascular Cambium
  • Activity of Secondary Xylem
  • Activity of Cork Cambium
  • Secondary Growth in Root

Cell - The unit of Life

  • Introduction to Cell
  • Cell Theory
  • Cell Organisation
  • Prokaryotic Cell Organisation
  • Details of Prokaryotic Cell Structure
  • Bacterial Staining & Shape
  • Eukaryotic Cell Architecture:Types
  • Eukaryotic Cell Organelle
  • Cell Wall
  • Cell Membrane
  • Evidence for Fluidic Nature of Membrane
  • Plastids
  • Mitochondria
  • Intro to Endomembrane System: Endoplasmic Reticulum
  • Endomembrane System
  • Golgi Apparatus
  • Lysosomes
  • Nucleus
  • Nucleus: Chromosomes
  • Cytoskeleton
  • Centrosome
  • Cilia & Flagella
  • Microbodies

Biomolecules

  • Elemental Analysis
  • Nucleic Acid
  • Nucleic Acid : Nucleotides
  • The DNA
  • Amino Acids
  • Proteins
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids
  • Enzymes
  • Enzyme Classification
  • Enzyme Catalysis
  • Factors affecting Enzyme Catalysis Reaction

Cell Cycle and Cell Division

  • Introduction to Cell
  • Cell Theory
  • Cell Organisation
  • Prokaryotic Cell Organisation
  • Details of Prokaryotic Cell Structure
  • Bacterial Staining & Shape
  • Eukaryotic Cell Architecture:Types
  • Eukaryotic Cell Organelle
  • Cell Wall
  • Cell Membrane
  • Evidence for Fluidic Nature of Membrane
  • Plastids
  • Mitochondria
  • Intro to Endomembrane System: Endoplasmic Reticulum
  • Endomembrane System
  • Golgi Apparatus
  • Lysosomes
  • Nucleus
  • Nucleus: Chromosomes
  • Cytoskeleton
  • Centrosome
  • Cilia & Flagella
  • Microbodies

Transport in Plants

  • Elemental Analysis
  • Nucleic Acid
  • Nucleic Acid : Nucleotides
  • The DNA
  • Amino Acids
  • Proteins
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids
  • Enzymes
  • Enzyme Classification
  • Enzyme Catalysis
  • Factors affecting Enzyme Catalysis Reaction

Mineral Nutrition

  • Criteria for Essentiality of Element
  • Hydroponics & Aeroponics
  • Mineral Deficiency & Toxicity
  • Mineral Function
  • Nitrogen Nutrition in Plants
  • Nitrogen Fixation
  • Nodule Formation
  • Genetics & Biochemistry of Nitrogen Fixation
  • Ammonia Assimilation & Nitrogen Export
  • Questions

Photosynthesis in Higher Plants

  • Historical View: Experiments
  • Choloroplast Stucture
  • Photosynthetic Pigments
  • Redtrop Experiment
  • Emerson's Enhancement Experiment
  • Photosystems
  • Light Reaction: Electron Transport
  • Light Reaction: Photophosphorylation
  • Dark Reaction: Biosynthetic Phase
  • Dark Reaction: Calvin Cycle
  • Questions on Calvin Cycle
  • C4 Cycle (Hatch & Slack Pathway)
  • C4 Plants Example
  • Questions on C4 Pathway
  • CAM Pathway
  • Photorespiration
  • Questions on Photorespiration
  • Factors Affecting Photosynthesis

Respiration in Plants

  • Glycolysis
  • Glycolysis Regulation
  • Fermentation
  • Aerobic Respiration
  • Kreb's Cycle
  • Amphibolic Nature of Respiration
  • Oxidative Phosphorylation
  • Electron Transport Inhibitors
  • Respiratory Quotient

Plant Growth and Development

  • Growth
  • Growth Model
  • Growth Terminology
  • Development
  • Growth Hormones & Auxin
  • Auxin Function
  • Gibberellin
  • Cytokinin
  • Ethylene
  • Abscisic Acid
  • Photoperiodism
  • Vernalization

Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants

  • Monocarpic & Polycarpic
  • Stamen: Anther
  • Stamen: Microsporangium
  • Stamen: Male Gametophyte
  • Pistil: Ovule
  • Pistil: Female Gametophyte
  • Pollination & Outbreeding Devices
  • Post Pollination Events
  • Double Fertilization
  • Endosperm
  • Embryo
  • Seed
  • Apomixis & Polyembryony
  • Fruit

Principles of Inheritance & Variation

  • Mendelian Principles
  • Law of Dominance
  • Law of Segregation
  • Dominance & Recessive Relationship
  • Allelic Interactions
  • Law of Independent Assortment
  • Maths of Independent Assortment
  • Extension of Mendelian Principles
  • Biochemistry of ABO Blood Group
  • Gene Interactions
  • Pleiotropism
  • Chromosomal Basis of Inheritance
  • Linkage & Recombination
  • Gene Mapping
  • Assignment
  • Quantitative Genetics
  • Maths of Quantitative Traits
  • Sex Determination
  • Mutation
  • Pedigree Analysis
  • Assignment

Molecular Basis of Inheritance

  • DNA Double Helix
  • Search for Genetic Material
  • DNA vs RNA as Genetic Material
  • DNA Replication
  • DNA Packaging
  • Genetic Code
  • Translation
  • Translation: Mechanism
  • Gene Regulation: Intro
  • Gene Regulation:Lac Operon
  • Gene Regulation in Eukaryotes
  • Human Genome Project
  • DNA Fingerprinting

Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production

  • Impact:Green Revolution
  • Breeding for Disease Resistance
  • Insects & Pest Resistance
  • Plant Breeding for Quality
  • Single Cell Protein
  • Plant Tissue Culture
  • Animal Husbandry
  • Posted by Rajeev Ranjan

Biotechnology Principles and Processes

  • Intro & History
  • Tools: Enzymes, Vectors
  • Selectable Markers
  • Host & Desired DNA
  • Processes of Biotech
  • Large Scale Production

Biotechnology and its Application

  • Intro to Agri Applications
  • Bt Crops
  • Interference RNA Tech
  • Other GM Crops
  • Med Applications & Humulin
  • Gene Therapy
  • Vaccines
  • Molecular Diagnosis
  • Transgenic Microbes & Animals
  • Animal Cloning
  • Ethical Issues
  • Biowar

Organisms and Populations

  • Introduction to Ecology
  • Abiotic Factors: Temperature
  • Abiotic Factors: Light & Water
  • Response of Organisms to Abiotic Factors
  • Adaptations
  • Population Characters: Density, Natality & Mortality, Age Structure & Migration
  • Population Dynamic
  • Population: Exponential Growth Model, Logistic Growth Model
  • Life History Variations
  • Population Interactions: Competition, Predation, Parasitism, Amensalism, Coevolution, Commensalism, Protocooperation & Mutualism

Ecosystem

  • Components & Types of Ecosystem
  • Ecosystem Productivity
  • Ecological Efficiencies
  • Energy Flow
  • Ecological Pyramids
  • Decomposition
  • Mineral Cycling & Ecosystem Services
  • Community Character
  • Community Dynamic

Biodiversity and Conservation

  • Magnitude of Biodeiversity
  • Biodiversity Patterns
  • Importance of Biodiversity
  • Loss of Biodiversity
  • In Situ Conservation of Biodiversity
  • Ex Situ Conservation of Biodiversity

Environmental Issues

  • Introduction to Pollution & Types
  • Air Pollution
  • Water Pollution
  • Solid Waste Pollution
  • Agrochemical & Radioactive Waste
  • Greenhouse Effect & Global Warming
  • Ozone Layer Depletion
  • Improper Resource Utilisation & Maintenance

NEET Botany : Preparation Tips

  • Learn technical terms: One of the hardest parts of learning Botany are the complicated technical terms. To understand all the concepts, we first need to familiarize ourselves with the terms. A good way to do that is to identify the stem of complex words. In addition, it is recommended that you write down the meaning of the terms whenever you encounter an unknown word.
  • Go through previous years exams papers: To get a better idea of exam, it is important to know exactly the latest exam NEET (Botany) exam pattern.
  • Use sketches: Drawings can create clarity and clarify concepts that are difficult to express in words. Get used to integrating sketches with your Botany learning documents.
  • From the general to the specific: If you want to learn Botany effectively, then you must first understand general concepts. To memorize the differences and the contexts, mindmaps are ideal.

NEET Botany: Exam Pattern (FAQs)

Is it mandatory to qualify NEET (Botany)?
Yes, it is necessary for all NEET aspirants to pass the Botany section of NEET exam.
How many questions will be their in NEET (Botany) section?
Their will be a total of 45 questions in the Botany section of NEET examination.
How many marks will the Botany section of the NEET exam be?
It will be worth 45 marks
What type of questions are asked in NEET Botany exam?
It contains questions of objective nature: multiple choice questions (MCQs).
What are the most important topics for NEET (Botany)?
According to the latest syllabus of NEET (Botany), some of the very important topics are: Comprehension passages and grammar, Vocabulary, Fill in the Blanks, Correcting sentences, etc.
What is the negative marking scheme of NEET (Botany)?
For MCQs which are each of 4 mark, one-forth mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. So it means that every incorrect answer in NEET (Botany) section will fetch you a negative (-) 1 mark.

Note You can also download the NEET (Botany) syllabus in PDF format from the official website of CBSE