UGC NET Geography: Syllabus, Exam Pattern & Sample Questions

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Are you searching for the syllabus of UGC NET Geography? Here you will get the latest syllabus for the National Eligibility Test (UGC-NET) exam. It will surely help you in the effective preparation of NET Geography exam (Paper II, Paper III-A & Paper III-B). CBSE NET Geography exam will be conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). The syllabus given below is based on the latest pattern of the University Grants Commission (UGC) - Geography curriculum. We suggest you to check our free online mock tests for UGC NET examinations.

We have listed some of the frequently asked questions (FAQs), asked by the UGC NET (Geography) candidates, so that they will get a basic idea of NET (Geography) exam pattern.

Recommended UGC NET Geography: Free mock test

UGC NET Geography Syllabus: Paper III (Part-A)

  1. Geomorphology (Paper II)
  2. Climatology (Paper II)
  3. Oceanography (Paper II)
  4. Geographic Thought (Paper II)
  5. Population Geography (Paper II)
  6. Economic Geography Sectors of Economy (Paper II)
  7. Political Geography (Paper II)
  8. Regional Planning (Paper II)
  9. Geography of India (Paper II)
  10. Cartography (Paper II)

UGC NET Geography Syllabus: Paper III (Part-A & Part-B)

UGC NET Geography Syllabus: Paper III-A & Paper III-B
Unit Details
Unit - IGeomorphology (Paper III)
Unit - IIClimatology (Paper III)
Unit - IIIOceanography (Paper III)
Unit - IVHistory of Geographic Thought (Paper III)
Unit - VPopulation Geography (Paper III)
Unit - VIEconomic Geography (Paper III)
Unit - VIIPolitical Geography (Paper III)
Unit - VIIIRegional Planning (Paper III)
Unit - IXGeography of India (Paper III)
Unit - XCartography (Paper III)

UGC NET Geography (Paper II): Detailed Syllabus

Given below is the list of unit wise syllabus for UGC NET (Geography) paper-II.

Geomorphology

Fundamental concepts; Endogenetic and Exogenetic forces; Denudation and weathering; Geosynclines, continental drift and plate tectonics; Concept of geomorphic cycle; Landforms associated with fluvial, glacial, arid, coastal and karst cycles.

Climatology

Composition and structure of the atmosphere; Heat budget of the earth; Distribution of temperature; Atmospheric pressure and general circulation of winds; Monsoon and jet stream; Tropical and temperate cyclones; Classification of world climates; Koppen's and Thoramwaite' schemes.

Oceanography

  • Ocean deposits; Coral reefs; Temperature and salinity of the oceans; Density of sea water; Tides and ocean currents.
  • Bio - Geography: World distribution of plants and animals; Forms and functions of ecosystem; Conservation and management of ecosystems; Problems of pollution.

Geographic Thought

General character of Geographic knowledge during the ancient and medieval period; Foundations of Modern Geography; Determinism and possibillism; Areal differentiation and spatial organisation.

Population Geography

  • Patterns of world distribution; . Growth and density of population; Patterns and processes of migration; Demographic transition.
  • Settlement Geography: Site, situation, types, size, spacing and internal morphology of rural and urban settlements; City - region; Primate city; Rank - size rule; Settlement hierarchy; Christaller' Central Place theory; August Losch' theory of market Centres.

Economic Geography Sectors of Economy

  • primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary; Natural resources: renewable and non-renewable.
  • Measurement of agricultural productivity and efficiency; Crop combination and diversification; Von Thimen' Model.
  • Classification of industries Weber' and Losch' approaches; Resource based and footloose industries.
  • Models of transportation and transport cost: Accessibility and connectivity.

Political Geography

  • Heartland and Rimland theories; Boundaries and frontiers; Nature of administrative areas and Geography of public policy and finance.
  • Social Geography: Ethnicity; tribe; dialect; language, caste and religion; Concept of social well-being.
  • Cultural-Geography: Culture - areas and cultural regions; Human races; Habitat; Economy and Society of tribal groups.

Regional Planning

Regional concept in Geography; Concept of planning regions; Types of regions; Methods of regional delineation; Regional planning in India; Indicators of development; Regional imbalances; Evolution, nature and scope of town planning with special reference to India, and Fundamentals of Town and Country planning.

Geography of India

Physiographic divisions; Climate: Its regional variations; Vegetation types and vegetation regions; Major soil types; Irrigation and agriculture; Population distribution and growth; Settlement patterns; Mineral and power resources; major industries and industrial regions.

Cartography

  • Types of maps: Techniques for the study of spatial patterns of distribution; Choropleth; Isopleth and Chorochromatic maps and pie diagrams; Mapping of location - specific data; Accessibility and flow maps.
  • Remote sensing and Computer application in mapping; Digital mapping; Geographic Information System (GIS) .
  • Statistical Methods: Data sources and types of data; Frequency distribution and cumulative frequency; Measures of central, tendency; Selection of class intervals for mapping; Measures of dispersion and concentration; Standard deviation; Lorenz Curve; Methods of measuring association among different attributes; Simple and Multiple correlation; Regression.
  • Nearest - neighbour analysis; Scaling techniques; Rank score; Weighted score; Sampling techniques for Geographical analysis.

UGC NET Geography Paper III (Part A & B): Detailed Syllabus

Given below is the list of (elective / optional) unit wise syllabus for paper III (Part A & B).

Unit - I: Geomorphology

Fundamental concepts; Factors controlling' landform development; Endogenetic and Exdgenetic forces; Denudation process: Weathering and erosion, Geosynclines, mountain building, continental drift and plate tectonics; Concept of Geomorphic Cycle; Landforms associated with fluvial, glacial, arid, coastal and karst cycles, Slope forms and processes; Environmental and Applied Geomorphology.

Unit - II - Climatology

Composition and structure of the atmosphere; Insolation; Heat budget of the earth; Distribution of temperature, atmospheric pressure and general circulation of winds; Monsoons and jet streams; Stability and instability of the atmosphere; Air-masses; Fronts, temperate and tropical cyclones; Types and distribution of precipitation; Classification of world climates; Koppen' and Thornthwaite'i schemes; Hydrological Cycle; Global warming.

Unit - III - Oceanography

  • Origin of ocean basins; Bottom relief of Indian, Atlantic and Pacific Oceans; Ocean deposits; Coral reefs; Temperature and salinity of the Oceans; Density of sea water; Tides and ocean currents; Sea-level changes.
  • Bio-Geography: Physical factors influencing world distribution of plants and animals; Fbrms and functions of ecosystem: Forest, grassland, marine and mountain ecosystem; Bio-diversity and its depletion through natural and man induced causes? Conservation and management of ecosystems; Environmental hazards and problem of pollution; Ozone depletion.

Unit - IV: History of Geographic Thought

General character of Geographic knowledge during the ancient and medieval period; Foundations of Modern Geography: Contribution of German, French, British and American schools; Conceptual and methodological developments during the 20th century; Changing paradigms; Man and Environment, determinism and possibilism, area! differentiation and spatial organisation; Quantitative revolution; Impact of positivism, humanism, radicalism and behaviouralism in Geography.

Unit - V: Population Geography

  • Nature, scope, subject matter and recent trends; Patterns of world distribution, growth and density of population; Policy issues; Patens and processes of migration; Demographic transition; Population-resource regions.
  • Settlement Geography: Site, situation, types, size, spacing and internal morphology of rural and urban settlements; Ecological processes of urban growth; Urban fringe; City - region; Settlement systems; Primate city; Rank-Size rule; Settlement hierarchy; Christaller' Central Place theory; August Losch' theory of market centres.

Unit - VI: Economic Geography

  • Location of economic activities and spatial organization of economies; Classification of economies; Sectors of Economy: primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary; Natural resources: Renewable and non - renewable; Conservation of resources.
  • Agricultural Geography: Concept and techniques of delimitation of agricultural regions; Measurement of agricultural productivity and efficiency; Crop combinations and diversification; Von Thunen' Model; Agricultural systems of the world.
  • Industrial Geography Classification of industries: Weber' and Losch' approaches; Resource based and footloose industries.
  • Geography of Transport and Trade Models of transportation and transport cost; Accessibility and connectivity: Inter-regional and Intra-regional: Comparative cost advantages.

Unit - VII: Political Geography

  • Definition and scope of Political Geography; Geopolitics; Global strategic views (Heartland and Rimland theories); -Concept of nation, state and Nation-State; Boundaries and frontiers; Politics of world resources; Geography and Federalism.
  • Social Geography: Nature and scope of social geography; Social structure and social processes; Elements of Social Geography— ethnicity, tribe, dialect, language, caste and religion; Concept of Social well - being.
  • Cultural Geography: Nature and scope of Cultural Geography; Environment and culture; Concept of culture-areas and cultural regions; Theories of tribal groups; Dwelling places as cultural expressions.

Unit - VIII: Regional Planning

Regional concept in Geography; its application to planning; Concept of planning region; Regional hierarchy; Types of regions and methods of regional delineation; Conceptual and theoretical framework of regional planning; Regional planning in India: Concept of development; Indicators of development; Regional imbalances.

Unit - IX: Geography of India

Physiographic divisions; Climate: Its regional variations; Vegetation types and vegetation regions; Major soil types; Coastal and Marine resources; Water resources; Irrigation; Agriculture; Agroclimatic regions; Mineral and power resources; Major industries and industrial regions; Population distribution and growth; Settlement patterns; Regional disparities in social and economic development.

Unit - X: Cartography

  • Map as a tool in Geographical studies; Types of maps: Techniques for the study of spatial patterns of distribution; Single purpose and composite maps; Choropleth, Isopleth and Chorochromatic maps and pie diagrams; Mapping of location specific data; Accessibility and flow maps.
  • Remote sensing and computer application in mapping; Digital mapping; Geographic Information System (GIS): Thematic maps.
  • Statistical Methods: Data sources and types of data; Statistical diagrams; study of frequency distribution and cumulative frequency; Measures of central tendency; Selection of class intervals for mapping; Measures of dispersion and concentration; Standard deviation; Lorenz curve; Methods of measuring association among different attributes; Simple and multiple correlation; Regression.
  • Measurement of spatial patterns of distribution; Nearest-neighbour analysis; Scaling techniques, rank score, weighted score; Sampling techniques for geographical analysis.

UGC NET Geography: Exam Pattern (FAQs)

Is it mandatory to qualify UGC General Paper-1?
Yes, it is necessary for all UGC (Geography) candidates to pass UGC General Paper-1: Teaching & Research Aptitude (TRA) exam
How many question papers are there in the UGC NET (Geography) exam?
Two: Paper II and Paper III
How many questions will be their in NET Geography (Paper II)?
Their will be a total of 50 questions in UGC Geography Paper II
What type of questions are asked in UGC Geography exam?
Paper-II contains questions of objective nature: MCQs; Matching type; Assertion-Reasoning; True / False. Paper-III (Part A): Essay type questions. Paper III (Part B): Essay type questions from each of the electives

UGC NET Geography - Paper II: Sample Questions

Who, among the following, is associated with the concept of 'spatial diffusion'?

  1. Hartshorne
  2. Hagerstrand
  3. Humboldt
  4. Harvey

what is the thrust of the journal Antipode?

  1. physical Geography
  2. quantitative Geography
  3. radical Geography
  4. behavioural Geography

Who wrote the book Spatial Organisation?

  1. Abler
  2. Johnson
  3. Heggett
  4. Johnston

UGC NET Geography - Paper III (Part A): Sample Questions

  1. Identify landforms associated with 'Karst Topography'.
  2. Differentiate between endogenetic and Exogenetic forces in Geomorphology.

UGC NET Geography - Paper III (Part B): Sample Questions

  1. Write an essay on 'Environmental and Applied Geomorphology'.
  2. Which are the parameters used for forecasting of Indian monsoons?
  3. Write a note on the conservation and management of ocean-resources.

Note You can easily download UGC NET (Geography) syllabus in PDF format form the official website of the University Grants Commission (UGC) by simply clicking on the subject (Geography) link on the UGC syllabus page.